PPT On NATIONAL POLICY OF EDUCATION,1986
Description:1. On independence in 1947, MAULANA AZAD, India's first education minister recommended strong central government control over education throughout the country, with a uniform educational system.
2. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
announced the first National Policy on Education in 1968
which called for a "radical restructuring" and equalize educational opportunities in order to achieve national integration and greater cultural and economic development.
3. NATIONAL POLICY OF EDUCATION,1986
4. NPE’86 BACKGROUND (NEED)
Problems of access, quality, quantity, utility and financial outlay
The general formulation is corporate in the 1968 policy did not get translated into detailed study of implementation.This new policy called for "special emphasis on the removal of disparities and to equalize educational opportunity,"
5. SALIENT FEATURES OF NPE’86
1) Important role of education.
2) National system of education.
3) Education for equality.
4) Reorganization of education at different levels.
5) Making the system work.
6. SALIENT FEATURES OF NPE’86
Important role of education
All round development
A unique investment
7. National system of education
Concept of national system
Common educational structure
Understanding cultural & social system
National support for implementing programs.
8. There is a common educational structure(10+2+3) followed all over the country.
9. School education 10+2
Pre primary (FOR 1 YEAR) Primary (GRADE 1-5)
Middle (GRADE 6-8)
Secondary (GRADE 9-10)
Senior Secondary (GRADE11-12)
10. Education for equality.
For SC & ST
For other educationally backward sections & minorities
11. This policy is especially for Indian women, Scheduled Tribes (ST) and the Scheduled Caste (SC) communities. To achieve these, the policy called for expanding scholarships, adult education, recruiting more teachers from the SCs, incentives for poor families to send their children to school regularly, development of new institutions and providing housing and services
12. EDUCATION FOR ALL
The current scheme for universalization of Education for All is the SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN which is one of the largest education initiatives in the world.
13. The government is committed to providing education through mainstream schools for children with disabilities.
The need for inclusive education arises precisely because it is now well understood that most children with disabilities can, with motivation and effort on the part of teaching institutions, become an integral part of those institutions
14. Reorganization of education at different levels
Early childhood care & education
Vocationalisation of education
15. The Indian government lays great emphasis to primary education up to the age of fourteen years Education has also been made free for children for six to 16 years of age. Private schools shall admit at least 25% of the children in their schools without any fee.
16. The Mid-day Meal Scheme is the popular name for school meal programmed in India. It involves provision of lunch free of cost to school-children on all working days with an objective to:
increase school enrolment and attendance, improve socialization among children belonging to all castes and addressing malnutrition.
17. Role of NPE in Secondary Education
The (NPE), 1986, has provided for environment awareness, science and technology education, and introduction of traditional elements such as yoga into the Indian secondary school system
18. Making the system work
A better deal to teachers with greater accountability
Provision of improved student services
Provision of better facilities of institutions
Creating of a system of performance as per the national level
19. Implementation of NPE 1986
Restructuring & reorganization of teacher education
Non formal education
Vocationalisation of education
20. MERITS OF NPE’86
1) Deep concern had been shown by the prime minister in
formulation of NPE.
2) The nation wide debate was conducted for the formulation of
3) The program of action was checked out.
4) The ministry of education was renamed as ministry of
Human Resource Development (HRD).
21. NPE is best policy for the development of education in remote areas especially for SC, ST, Handicapped, backward, minorities and women. Indian govt. introduced it for the development of nation and they got success on large extent.
People come closer by the help of education and now just because of this policy India’s education system is third largest system among all nations.
22. Thanks a lot