Search PPTs

Saturday, December 24, 2011

PowerPoint Presentation On NANOBOTS



1. NANOBOTS-The Future Doctor

2. Nano:
A prefix that means very, very, small.
The word nano is from the Greek word ‘Nano’ meaning Dwarf. It is a prefix used to describe "one billionth" of something, or 0.000000001.

3. Nano science
A part of science that studies small stuff.
It’s not biology, physics or chemistry. It’s all sciences that work with the very small.

4. Nanotechnology
The art and science of making useful stuff that does stuff on the nanometer length scale.

The tiniest of computers need to have the smallest of processors in order to make light and small computers more accessible.
This will require smaller and smaller wiring capabilities. The smallest of wiring materials is engineered by the nanotechnology.
The 1980s and early 1990s saw a significant increase in the popularity of nanotechnology. This is the science that can figure out how to power our lives with nothing more than molecules and atoms.

The ultimate goal and essential definition of a nanorobot is to have the microscopic entity made entirely out of electromechanical components.
Humans are able to perform one nano-function at a time , but the thousands of varied applications required to construct an autonomous robot would be exceedingly tedious for us to execute by hand, no matter how high-tech the laboratory.
The ideal nanobot consists of a transporting mechanism , an internal processor and a fuel unit of some kind that enables it to function.

7. The main difficulty arises around this fuel unit. One possible solution is to adhere a fine film of radioactive particles to the nanobot’s body. As the particles decay and release energy the nanobot would be able to harness this power source.
The other problem is with the construction of a nanorobot. Metal that might be used for the robot’s construction behaves one way in relatively large quantities and a completely different way on the nano scale.
Microscopic silicon components called transducers have so far been successfully built into nanorobot legs.

8. Scientists are hard at work on designing a body built out of transducers; they are encountering slight problems in agreeing on what the final shape of the standard nanobot should be.
Very few researchers support the humanoid design.
They hope that by equipping the nanobot with several sets of fast-moving legs and keeping its body low to the ground , they can create a quick, efficient machine that would also be suitably shaped for introduction into human blood vessels to perform functions such as clearing away built-up cholesterol or repairing tissue damage.

9. A robot this small can actually interact with materials on their molecular and atomic level.
They could rebuild tissue molecules in order to close a wound, or rebuild the walls of veins and arteries to stop bleeding and save lives. They could make their way through the bloodstream to the heart and perform heart surgery molecule by molecule without many of the risks.
Likewise, researchers hope that nanorobots will have many miraculous effects on brain research, cancer research, and finding cures for difficult diseases.

The medical science wants to create nanobots that can repair damaged tissue without pain and trauma. Many of the medical procedures we employ today are very traumatic to the human body and do not work in harmony with our natural systems.
Nanorobots are so small that they actually interact on the same level as bacteria and viruses do, and so they are capable of building with the very particles of our bodies: atoms and molecules.

11. Patients may be allergic to anesthetics, during an organ transplant their body may mysteriously reject the new organ , leading to death.
And in the case of a tumor operation, even a few microscopic missed cells can constitute complete failure to battle the cancer. The drug which is supposed to cure you may actually leave many parts of your body in worse shape than they were before.
Nanorobots, on the other hand, will typically measure only about six atoms wide. It is anticipated that they could be equipped with all sorts of tools and cameras in order to furnish more extensive information about the human body.

12. Nanorobots could be used to clear built-up cholesterol from your arteries, thereby saving you from a heart attack. When it comes to major unsolved diseases like cancer, nanorobots are perfect for eradicating malignant cells.
Scientists are already hard at work on nanobots that can identify and destroy cancer at its growth site so that no trauma is inflicted anywhere else in the body.
They could also perform delicate surgical functions such as closing a split vein. Regardless of the individual details, it seems clear that the advent of the nanobot is destined to change the face of medicine forever.

Traditionally, most robots have a solar cell or some kind of battery pack, but obviously these are many times too large for nanorobot. However, the answer may lie in nuclear technology.
Researchers consider it highly likely that when equipped with a thin film of radioactive material, nanobots will be able to fuel themselves on particles released by decaying atoms. This fuel technology is easily scaled down to nano-size.
Silicon has always been the first choice for delicate electronics and has the right qualities to make a successful scaled-down robot, even one as tiny as a few hundred nanometers. It is strong enough to last and conduct electricity.

14. However, constructing nanobots out of silicon would subject them to the same issues that other silicon electronics face , one of which is that they are not biodegradable. They would still be another small drain on our natural resources.
U.C. Berkeley affiliate Kris Pister invented a solar-powered robot that measures only 8.5 millimeters and can walk slowly on two “legs” like humans do.
Pister composed his robot primarily of tiny silicon pieces called transducers which are capable of taking the energy generated by the robot’s solar cell and turning it into mechanical power.

15. Prototypes have been built using biological components, but the ultimate goal is to achieve a purely electromechanical model.
In the middle stage of our nanobot development we will probably see high-production nano-factories emerge, which can then in turn produce an ultimate nanorobot: a fully mechanical, voice-programmed microscopic machine capable of performing a wide array of useful functions.
Scientists consider this the end goal in all nano technological research, and expect that it will take several stages to get there. So, in other words, fans of the ideal nanorobot may have to wait. But eventually we will have this ultimate technology and all of its amazing capabilities at our disposal.

The name of the world’s first virtual brain. That means a machine that can function as human brain. The IBM is now developing a virtual brain known as the BLUE BRAIN.
A machine that can function as brain .
It can take decision.
It can respond.
It can keep things in memory.
Nanobots could carefully scan the structure of our brain , providing a complete readout of the connection. The neocortex is the largest and most complex part of the human brain, and constitutes about 85 percent of the brain's total mass.

17. The neocortex is thought to be responsible for the cognitive functions of language, learning, memory and complex thought.
The simulated neurons will be interconnected with rules the team has worked out about how the brain functions. This result would develop a simulated model known as “Blue brain”
The main aim of blue brain is to build an software replica or template which could reveal many existing aspects of the brain circuits, memory capacity, and how memories are lost.
The Blue Brain simulation uses one microprocessor for each of the 10,000 neurons in the cortical column of a rat's cerebral cortex. It helps to build a brain microcircuit, in order to scale it in human brain.

Scientists at Micro/Nano physics Research Laboratory at Australia’s Monash University have developed tiny nanobot micro motors that are a mere quarter of a millimeter, powered by tiny piezoelectric motors, capable of swimming in the human bloodstream. While the team is still devising ways to remote control the new robots. They feel that they have a solid solution for an autonomous motor design in the form of piezoelectric. In the human body, the flow of blood provides abundant kinetic energy.

19. While a nanobot is too small to likely have a useful battery,it could exploit this kinetic energy to power tiny micro motors, the goal of the Australian researchers.

20. Conclusion
Nanobots will be the next generation of nano machines.
Advanced nanobots will be able to sense and adapt to environmental stimuli such as heat, light, sounds,surface textures, and chemicals; perform complex calculations; move, communicate, and work together; conduct molecular assembly; and, to some extent, repair or even replicate themselves.
The field of nanotechnology and holotechnology  will overlap in the design of projection screens and user interfaces of the next generations of the holographic cellphones,and televisions.
More virtual Reality.
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Blog Archive