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Friday, August 2, 2013

PPT On Introduction To Carbohydrates


Introduction To Carbohydrates Presentation Transcript:

Carbohydrates:  Function as the body’s primary source of energy.  Include; starches, sugars, grains and fibers
Photosynthesis:  The conversion of sunlight into energy in plants and is then stored in the form of a carbohydrate
Simple carbohydrate:  Sugars including monosaccharides and disaccharides
Complex Carbohydrate:  Long chain saccharides including starches and fibers

3.Simple carbohydrates

4.Complex carbohydrates

5.Glucose:  The significant monosaccharide, it is the primary energy source for your body
Glycogen:  The storage form of glucose,  it is stored in the liver for later use, but once it reaches a point of saturation, it is then stored in the form of FAT
The primary goal of eating is the conversion of simple saccharides and complex saccharides into glucose for use as energy. The body can burn protein, but…
Ketone bodies:  Are formed when the body burns protein in the absence of carbohydrates, this causes the blood to become acidic.
Ketosis:  Excessive levels of ketone bodies in the blood and urine, can lead to kidney failure

6.Simple sugars   
Monosaccharides:  Glucose, fructose and Galactose are examples.  These are the sugars that are the building blocks for complex carbohydrates
Blood Glucose Level:  The amount of glucose found in the blood, too much and you are diabetic, too little, dead
Fructose:  The simple sugar found in fruits and in honey
Galactose:  A form of a simple sugar that is similar to the sugar Lactose that is found in dairy products
Disaccharide:  The double sugars like sucrose
Sucrose:  Table sugar

7.Glucose + Fructose= Sucrose

8.Maltose:  A disaccharide comprised of two glucose molecules
Lactose:  Glucose + Galactose= Lactose, found in dairy and milk products


10.Source of Lactose

High fructose corn syrup:  Found in sodas and other foods, possibly linked to early onset juvenile diabetes amongst other conditions
Sugars are add to products as a stabilizer, flavor and color enhancer and as a preservative
Sugars are “Hydrophilic” meaning they love water and moisture. That is why they are used as a preservative.

12.Give you any ideas about added sugars?

13.Foods high in added sugars

14.Health issues and sugars
Cavities, obesity, diabetes
Diabetes:  An endocrine (glandular) problem when the body produces too little insulin or ineffective insulin.  There two primary types, T1 and T2.
Insulin: A hormone that regulates the blood level of glucose
Hypoglycemia: A symptom of low blood sugar

15.Glycemic response:  How quickly and how high the blood glucose levels rise after eating
Glycemic index:  A classification that quantifies the blood glucose response after eating carbohydrate containing foods
Lactose Intolerance:  Occurs when someone is missing the LACTASE enzyme that breaks down lactose.  Lactose intolerance can result in flatulence, diarrhea after eating foods that contain dairy products.  Can be controlled with products like Lactaid ®_

PPT On Commission And Discount


Commission And Discount Presentation Transcript:


Payment made to a middleman or agent for a service (selling or promotion) provided.
This would indirectly motivate the person to sell more. They are called as broker or agent.
Sales and commission are directly related .The more they sell the product the more they get the commission.

4.    Lina helped to sell a house for RM 120 000. She was given a 2% commission by the seller. How much money did she receive?

5. Yazid gets a commission of RM15 for the sale of shoes at RM500. Calculate the percentage of commission given to him.

6.    A salesman receives RM1 500 as commission for the sale of books. If the commission is 25%, find the amount of sales that the salesman has obtained.

Seller offer discount to encourage people to buy their products. The discount rate offer is give as a percentage

8.   The marked price of a pair of jeans was RM 80. It was sold at a discount of 35%. What was the selling price of the pair of jeans?

9.  The marked price of an article is RM20. The shopkeeper sells the article for RM18. How much percentage discount given by the shopkeeper for the article?

10.  A jeweler discounts a watch marked at RM85 by 20%. a. How much is the discount? b. What will a customer pay for the watch

11.Do ALL of the exercises
 in the handout

12. Follow up activity:
Homework From Text Book, Page 33:
Reinforcement Exercise:
No 10 and 11




    action of discovering; exposure to view; showing
 finding out something previously unknown or unrecognized
Exploration; examination

 official review: a formal investigation or  examination to determine the facts of a case
act of asking: a request for information

inquiry - a search for knowledge; 
inquiry - an instance of questioning
inquiry - a systematic investigation of  a  matter of public interest

5.Discovery learning
    student takes an active role in structuring his learning environment, asking questions, and finding answers
 refers to various instructional design model
the pedagogical aims are threefold                    
     -Promote "deep" learning,
     -Promote meta-cognitive skills
     -Promote student engagement

6.According to Borthick & Jones (2000:181):
      learn to recognize a problem,
characterize what a solution would look like, search for relevant information,
develop a solution strategy,
execute the chosen strategy.

7.According to Judith Conway's: Educational Technology’s Effect on Mdels of Instruction
    an approach to instruction
students interact with their environment  
exploring and manipulating objects

8. wrestling with questions and controversies
students - remember concepts they discover on their own
Successful-students have prerequisite knowledge and undergo some structured

9.  the final products
starting point for further study
Learning begins with what students know
        take time to
 ask questions and then gain new perspectives

10.constructivist approach
students have ownership of their learning
starts with exploration and questioning
leads to investigation
involves asking questions, gathering and analyzing information

11. systematic teaching method
     engages students in learning knowledge and skills
     through an extended inquiry process structured
     around complex, authentic questions and carefully designed products and tasks

12.Ohio Resource Center
    Instructors create an environment
student free to ask questions, learn concepts, and explore possible solutions
within a real-world, project-based context.

13.   structured around an open- ended, intriguing essential question
to direct students towards the objectives of the unit
 invites students to be a part of the solution to the unit's dilemma

14.Tom, Shi
    A continuation of what is already doing in the classroom
except presented and assessed in a more “formal” method

PPT On Internal Combustion Engines


Internal Combustion Engines Presentation Transcript: 
1.Internal Combustion Engines


The internal combustion engine (Ie) is a heat engine that converts chemical energy in a fuel into mechanical energy, usually made available on a rotating output shaft.
Chemical energy of the fuel is first converted to thermal energy by means of combustion or oxidation with air inside the engine. This thermal energy raises the temperature and pressure of the gases within the engine, and the high-pressure gas then expands against the mechanical mechanisms of the engine. This expansion is converted by the mechanical linkages of the engine to a rotating crankshaft, which is the output of the engine. The crankshaft, in turn, is connected to a transmission and/or power train to transmit the rotating mechanical energy to the desired final use.

4.Internal combustion engines

5.Engines for automotive and construction equipment may be classified in several ways.
  Fuel used
light oil engine
heavy oil engine
Gas engine
Bi-fuel engine 
Method of Fuel supply
 Through carburetor
Multipoint port injection
Single point throttle body
Fuel injection at high pressure

6.Method of Ignition:
Spark ignition
Compression ignition
Method of Cooling
Water cooled engine
Air cooled engine
Low speed engine
Medium speed engine
High speed engine
Field of application
Stationary engines for power generation
Marine engines for propulsion of ships
Automotive engines for land transport
Aero engines for aircraft
Locomotive engines for railways
Lubrication system
Wet sump engine
Dry sump engine
Pressure lubrication
Method of control under variable load
Quantity control engine
Quality control engine
Combined control engine

7.RX8 is quick to 7,000rpm and then everything really does go hyperspace blurry up to 9,000rpm.
will cover the  60mph  in 6 seconds.
The two rotary derivatives produce 192 and 231bhp respectively.

8.Criteria of performance

9.Indicated power
Brake power
Friction power
Mechanical efficiency
Brake mean effective pressure
Thermal efficincy
Fuel consumption
Volumetric efficiency

10.Wankel engine :
operate using a rotor and shaft instead of a piston. The rotation of the shaft moves a three sided rotor which drives the movement of fuel through the system. In these engines, the different phases (intake, compression, power, and exhaust) take place in separate locations in the engine. The driveshaft rotates once for every time the engine fires in the Wankel design.

Wankel engines are often lighter and simpler in design than equivalent piston engines. They are also typically more reliable (due to the reduction of moving parts) and have higher power-to-weight ratios. However, they suffer from less effective sealing which reduces their efficiency and lifespan. These engines are used mainly in racecars and sporting vehicles where reliability and lightness are considered more important than efficiency and engine life.



EQUATIONS Presentation Transcript: 

2. Did you still remember???
2) Completing the square
3) Quadratic formula

3.Lets try out few Questions....
Use completing the square:

An equation is a mathematical statement that has 2 expressions separated by an equal sign.
The expression on the left side of the equal sign has the same value as the expression on the right side.

5.One or both of the expressions may contain variables.
 Solving an equation means manipulating the expressions and finding the value of the variables.
example: x=4+8 to solve this equation we would add 4 and 8 and find that x = 12.

6.Linear equation:
Quadratic equation:


Quadratic Equations..


10.Completing the square


Other types of Equations..

13.Fractional expressions


15.Fractional power

PPT On Face Recognition Technology


Face Recognition Technology Presentation Transcript: 
1.Face Recognition

2.Introduction to Biometrics
The average adult working in a large business has 12 passwords to remember, and spends nearly a week in every year logging into systems.
The average cost to a large company for every password lost is $16.

3.Biometric Systems I
Fingerprint Recognition
Speech Recognition

4.Biometric Systems II

5.Biometric Systems III
Face Recognition
Multiple Biometrics

6.History of Facial Recognition

7.History: Current Times I
 September 24, 1999: OLETC ? ILEFIS
    - 64 facial features
    - 256 unique shapes / feature
    - quicker processing, look-up time
 January 2001: Privacy Debate
    - Super Bowl
    - Tampa Entertainment District
 September 11, 2001: Impact on Market
    - Visionics

8.History: Current Times II
“ The mood in this country has changed dramatically in just seven days. Until last week we were trying to expand people’s privacy against incursions from the government. Now we might have to fight for what we already have.”
State Senator Ken Gordon, D-Denver, Chairman of the 
Senate Judicial Committee
 September 21, 2001: Looking Ahead
    - Colorado DMV: July 2001
    - Neighborhoods (ie, Tampa)

9.Facial Recognition Market Outlook
 Physical Access Control
    - 5 years
    - casinos, immigrants      at border crossings
 Computer User Access Control

10.Advantages Over Competing Systems
Voluntary Action vs Passive Usage
 Data Acquisition
    - 5% cannot provide good fingerprint
    - environmental interference
    - Iris Detection (movement)

11.Theory Behind Facial Recognition I

12.Theory Behind Facial Recognition II

13.Current Commercial Products

14.Eye Identification Using Neural Networks

15.Infrared Images and Eigenfaces I
Training and Test set of images

Management Introduction PPT


Management Introduction Presentation Transcript:
1.“The conventional definition of management is getting work done through people, but real management is developing people through work”

2.Group Members
Aqeel Tahir
Usama Bilal
Zainab Amir
Warda Khalid
Neha Ejaz

3.    Gourmet Bakers & Sweets
Muhammad Nawaz Chattha
EX-GM of Shezan
98 in Lahore
8 in Faisalabad
Product Range


5.Mission Statement
“Our mission is to provide quality products at  lowest prices”

“Leader of quality juice providers in the region by offering products enjoyed in every home. This will be achieved from the dedication of each employee in conjunction with supportive participation from management at all levels”

7. Goals
Time Frame
Long Term
Short Term
Goal Settings
Traditional Goals
Set by top managers
Divide into sub-goals for middle managers
Goals lose clarity and focus

Strategic Planning
Tactical Planning
Operational Planning

9.SWOT Analysis

Quality and Taste
High Availability of Products
Range of Products
Low Costs

Less Attractive Packing
No Advertisement
Untrained Staff

Large Number of Outlets
Introduction of New Brands

Different competitors  for different products

14.Growth Strategy
Retaining Old Customers
Acquiring New Customers
Cost Leadership

15.Strategic Structure
Use of SWOT Analysis
Allocation of Resources
Execution of Plans
Evaluation of Results

Marketing: Creating and Capturing Customer Value


Marketing: Creating and Capturing Customer Value Presentation Transcript: 
1.Marketing: Creating and Capturing Customer Value

2.What Is Marketing?
Marketing is a process by which companies create value for customers and build strong customer relationships to capture value from customers in return

3.What Is Marketing?
Understanding the Marketplace and Customer Needs

4.Understanding the Marketplace and Customer Needs
Market offerings are some combination of products, services, information, or experiences offered to a market to satisfy a need or want

5.Markets are the set of actual and potential buyers of a product

6.Designing a Customer-Driven Marketing Strategy
Marketing management is the art and science of choosing target markets and building profitable relationships with them
What customers will we serve?
How can we best serve these customers?

7.Market segmentation refers to dividing the markets into segments of customers
Target marketing refers to which segments to go after

8.Value proposition Set of benefits or values a company promises to deliver to customers to satisfy their needs

9.Designing a Customer-Driven Marketing Strategy

Production concept is the idea that consumers will favor products that are available or highly affordable

Product concept is the idea that consumers will favor products that offer the most quality, performance, and features.  Organization should therefore devote its energy to making continuous product improvements.

12.Selling concept is the idea that consumers will not buy enough of the firm’s products unless it undertakes a large scale selling and promotion effort

13.Marketing concept is the idea that achieving organizational goals depends on knowing the needs and wants of the target markets and delivering the desired satisfactions better than competitors do

14.Societal marketing concept is the idea that a company should make good marketing decisions by considering consumers’ wants, the company’s requirements, consumers’ long-term interests, and society’s long-run interests

15.Designing a Customer-Driven Marketing Strategy

PPT On Modernism


Modernism Presentation Transcript:

2.The horrors of World War I (1914-18), which wiped out a generation of young men in Europe and catapulted Russia into a catastrophic revolution, became the catalyst for the Modernist movement in literature and art. Modernist authors felt betrayed by the war, believing the institutions in which they were taught to believe had led the civilized world into a bloody, senseless conflict. They no longer considered these institutions as reliable means to define the meaning of life, and therefore turned within themselves to discover the answers.

3.The following are characteristics of Modernism:

4.Marked by a strong and intentional break with tradition.
This break includes a strong reaction against established religious, political, and social views.  The feeling that our culture has no center, no values.

5.Belief that the world is created     in the act of perceiving it
That  is to say that the world
    is what we say it is.  Meaning
    comes from an individual’s
    perspective and is thus

6.There is no such thing as absolute truth. All things are relative.
There are ultimately no moral absolutes, no
authority for deciding if an action is positive or
negative, right or
wrong. This view leads
to “situational ethics,”
the belief that what is
right or wrong is
relative to the situation.

7.No connection with history or institutions.
The authors’ experience is that of alienation, loss, and despair.

8.Championship of the individual and celebration of inner strength

9.Life is unordered.

10.Concerned with the sub-conscious.




2.About MSMF
MSMF was founded in 2007 by three young veterans. MSMF is a 501 (c)(3) public non-profit organization that builds sustainable communities by providing opportunities through financial resource, cross cultural and sustainable solutions to real world challenges.

3.Community Effect
Volunteer For Every Paid Staff Members

4.Our Programs

Provide financial resources, literacy and financial resource to under resourced community
Providing cross cultural exchange, volunteer opportunities
Promoting the development and implementation of green technologies and sustainable practices throughout the world

6.What's a Green Micro Loan
The Green Micro Loan programs help micro, small and medium-sized businesses to operate more effectively, access capital, know-how and technology, and position their products and services in new markets.

7.The Power of The Micro Loan
In this group each member receives an individual loan . Under this arrangement each member of the group supports one another and is responsible for paying back the loans of their fellow group members if someone is delinquent or defaults. Las Guadalapunas make  plush toys and stuffed dolls. They use natural material such us sheep wool. They make small bags made from recyclable material .
Dario made his living as a taxi driver and  Motto driver. He rent his  vehicle to generate extra income. Dario requested a small loan from MSMF to make small repair to his Taxi Motto. His motto experiencing malfunctions and is interfering with the services he provides.  Dario dream is to repay his loan and  ask for a second loan to  purchase a tank  to convert his vehicle and Motto to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). CNG is mixed with biogas produce from landfill or wastewater.

Carmen requested a small loan to expand her business and  buy more products  to provide better varieties to her customer.  Her kiosk are fabricated out of wood and has a natural opening were sunlight  directly enter the business and electricity is not use .  Her current business don’t use current electricity because she sell dry product and keep it at room temperature.  Carmen will request for another loan to open a second business.
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8.Active Entrepreneur

9.How The Green Micro Loan Works

10.Recycle Effect
100% money 
put into MSMF
leaves MSMF

11.Connecting  with One Another

12.Giving back to Society

13.Every Small Individual Action Can Make A Big Difference

14.One Business at a Time
Thousand can transform an entire economy


PPT On Nonverbal Communication


Nonverbal Communication Presentation Transcript:
1.Nonverbal Communication

2.Nonverbal Communication Eye contact
Facial expressions
Appearance sends silent messages.
Appearance of business documents
Appearance  of people

3.Nonverbal communication includes all unwritten and unspoken messages, both intentional and unintentional.
Characteristics of nonverbal communication:
Nonverbal communication is inevitable.
Primary conveyor of our emotions.

4.Nonverbal communication is multichanneled.
   We perceive meaning from a variety of nonverbal behaviors including posture, gestures, body movements, appearance, and vocal mannerisms.

5.Nonverbal communication is ambiguous.
  Very few nonverbal behaviors mean the same thing to everyone. The meaning of one nonverbal behavior can vary, for example, based on culture, sex, gender, and even context or situation.

6.Nonverbal Skills
Gestures - movements of our hands, arms, and fingers to describe or emphasize a point.

7.Hand Gestures
After the face the hands are the most expressive part of our body. We use them to reinforce our speech or on occasion even as it’s replacement.
Open palm gestures – truth and sincerity.
Palms together or both in pocket indicate withholding information or lack of confidence

Territorial gestures – leaning against an object or person showing their dominance.
Picking imaginary fluff off clothes is used when people are trying to buy time or when they don’t agree but feel compelled to give opinion.
Head gestures – nodding or shaking the head.

9.One of the most annoying gestures is the communicator/speaker pointing a finger at you, and beating time or punctuating his words with it.

10.Hand Gestures
Steepling – denotes a very confident attitude.
2 types the raised steeple and the lowered steeple.
When a person is talking he normally adopts the raised steeple gesture
When the steepler is listening, he uses the lowered steeple gesture.

11.Nonverbal Skills
Eye contact –
 how much we look at others when we are communicating.

12.Eye Contact
Looking directly at someone can signal interest, confidence or even aggression.
When we are nervous, emotionally uncomfortable, submissive or sad we often look down.

13.How much eye contact?
Too much is perceived as aggressive, dominant and uncomfortable and too little is seen as lack of confidence, submissive or inattentive.
Eye contact between 50%-70% (varying according to culture/gender etc.)
Always accompany a serious point with eye contact !

14.When discussing business matter do not drop your eyes below the level of the other’s eyes.

15.Facial Expressions
Facial expressions are especially important in conveying the six basic human emotions of happiness, sadness, surprise, fear, anger, and disgust.
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